- DEWORMING of Cattles are most often dewormed with a paste or gel placed on the back of the animal’s mouth via a dosing syringe
- Feed dewormers are also used
- Both single-dose varieties and in a daily, “continuous” feed form.
- Deworming (drenching) a sheep is usually done with a specific drenching gun
Signs of worm infested Animals
- Loss of weight
- Soil licking and eating pieces of cloth
- Delay in puberty
- Weakness and slow growth
- Decrease in milk production
- Death at an early age
- Thin and rough skin
Types of Worms
- Internal parasites (worms)
According to an estimate, the mortality rate among the younger animals of 6 months to one year old due to internal worms is 25-30%. Internal worms include round worms, stomach worms, lung worms, liver flukes and intestinal worms
- Animals become anaemia
- The animals take up more feed, yet become weaker
- Loss of water in the body, diarrhea and sometimes presence of
- Blood in excretions
- Rough and dry skin
These parasites are found on external skin. They are mostly blood-sucking parasites and they cause spread of fatal diseases in the animals. They include lice, ticks, flies and mosquitoes.
- The animal becomes weak because of loss of blood
- Their skin becomes rough and dry.
- Milk production decreases.
- The animal becomes restless.
- The possibility of abortion rises.
- Paralysis attack is possible.
- Holes appear on the skin and they become like wounds
Economic Benefits of De –Worming
- An increase in milk production of the animal gives the farmer a benefit of at least Rs 4000 in a year.
- With regular de-worming of calves, their daily growth is enhanced 100 to 400 gms more than the normal; which gives minimum Rs 13,500 benefit to the farmer in one year.
- Regular de-worming keeps the animals healthy and their feed proves useful.
Selection of De –Wormer
- Determine the quantity of the medicine according to the weight of the animal.
- Easy to administer
- Choosing the most effective medicine
- Less expensive
- Personal safety
- Effectiveness of the medicine / A reliable company
De-Worming the Herds of Cows and Buffaloes
The production of milk increases by ½ to 1 litre of milk when lactating animals are de-wormed. The effects of the parasites are different on cows, buffaloes, bulls and on younger animals. Therefore, the methods of their treatment should also be Different.
- De-worming medicines should be administered at least thrice a year to the adult and four times to the younger animals